|Details|| ||A Very Brief Guide to the Arts & Crafts Movement
The Arts & Crafts movement began in mid-Victorian Britain in reaction to industrial and commercial advancements, and celebrated craft production of decorative arts and architecture.
The Arts & Crafts movement was motivated most of all by a desire to change the way buildings were made. Industrial production had resulted in a split between the designer deciding on the look of a building, and the contractor (building firm) deciding how and with what it would be built. For many in the Arts & Crafts world, the ideal would be for the architect and the builder to be one and the same.
Arts & Crafts architecture is characterized by a number of vernacular features, as Arts &. Crafts architects consciously chose to highlight local traditions in their work - low, pitched roofs, decorative brickwork, tall chimneys, irregular patterns of windows and doors, and mixtures of different kinds of material, including wood, stone, brick, tile, lead, iron and thatch. These were not only stylistic effects, but also the result of two key principles that the designer should collaborate with the builder, relying on and supporting the builder's knowledge of materials and craft techniques; and that the resulting building should be comfortable and fit within its immediate landscape.
The most celebrated examples of Arts &. Crafts architecture are domestic homes, which were organized around a communal core - the hearth and inglenook, a semi-enclosed seating area around a fireplace. The interiors appear casual and comfortable, and the building and furniture demonstrate the handcrafting of the materials used. Beginning in Britain, the Arts &. Crafts movement had an international influence. German designers were particularly interested in the domestic designs, but the most enthusiastic take-up was in North America, where Arts &. Crafts principles fitted neatly with ideals of nature, landscape and community.
WilLIAM MORRIS 1834--96 British socialist, designer and leading theorist of the Arts & Crafts movement. Designer, craftsman, writer, he was born into a wealthy family in Walthamstow, London and educated at Marlborough School and Exeter College, Oxford. Morris became associated with the Pre¬Raphaelite Brotherhood, particularly the painter Edward Burne-Jones and the poet Dante Gabriel Rossetti. In 1861 he founded the firm of Morris, Marshall, Faulkner and Company, designing and making wallpaper, textiles, stained glass, and furniture. In 1890 Morris set up a publishing house, the Kelmscott Press, for which he designed typefaces and ornamental borders.
" Have nothing in your houses that you do not know to be useful, or believe to be beautiful "
WilLIAM R. LETHABY 1857-1931 British architect and art historian, co-founder of the Art Workers Guild and a leading practitioner of Arts & Crafts|